The Ukrainian government says Moscow is running out of missiles. Of course, Russia says this is not true. The truth is probably somewhere in the middle.
Recently, Kyiv said Russia had sufficient missiles for two or three major attacks on its cities and infrastructure. The Russian military has around 20 percent of its pre-war stockpiles of precision-guided munitions (PGMs), according to the Ukrainian military. Kyiv said Moscow may have just 550 missiles left.
The Ukrainian government points to Russia’s purchase of Iranian-made missiles and attack drones as support for its statement. Furthermore, Moscow has repurposed S-300 and S-400 air defense missiles to attack ground targets, which would not be necessary if sufficient PGMs were available.
Russian officials say that enough missiles are available to continue the war. These officials said Russia has thousands of missiles and the ability to produce even more.
Russia’s use of PGMs in Ukraine has been very heavy. Moscow had planned for a “short victorious war.” No matter what Moscow says, it is using its available missile stockpiles at a rate far greater than planned. Russia has long had difficulties maintaining annual missile production rates, and is facing a shortage of critical components.
The figures provided by Ukraine are probably too low, but those from Russia are definitely too high. Due to the Russo-Ukrainian War, many countries are rethinking the sufficient size of a missile stockpile to sustain a modern war. In addition, missile companies might not have the production capacity to meet this potentially higher-than-anticipated battlefield usage rate.
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